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Thursday, 12 March 2009 18:08
???? ??? ??? ???????? ???  ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????, ???? ??? ????? ??? ????????, ??? ??????? ??? ????????, ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???  ?????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????. ???? ???? ???, ????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????????, ????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????????? ??? ???????????. Ne mutlu Trkm diyene, ?????? ???????? ? Mustafa Kemal Atatrk, ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????????, ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????. ???? ???? ???? ??????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????, ?? ???? ??????????? Behet, ? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?? Behet Disease, ? ???? ??? ??????????????? ????????, ??? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ?????. ? ??????????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????, ?????, ??????, ?? ????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????. ???????????? ????? ? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ????????, ????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????, ?? ???? ???????, ?? ????, ??? ???????? ????, ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????. ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ? ????? ????? ???? ??????. ???????????? ???? ??????? ??? ????????, ? ??????? ????? ????????.



???????

?????? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ????, ??????  ? ???????, ?? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????, ? ??????, ??????, ???????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????. ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????, ???? ?? Neumann, Bluthe, Planner, Remenowsky, Shigeta, ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????, ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????????. ? ?????????? ???????????? ?? 1931 ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????, ?????????? ?????????, ????????? ??? ??????????????? 6 ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? Behcet. To 1937, o ??????? ???????????? Hulusi Behcet ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????. ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????????.

?????? 1. Dr Hulusi Behet
2
?????? 2. Dr ?????????? ????????????

? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????. ? ???????? ??? ????? ?????????, ????, ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????, ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????????. ? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????. ? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????????, ???? ?????????????? ???????. ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ???? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ????????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ???????. ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????. ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????.


??????????

???? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????, ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ???. ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? Ergenekon ???? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????, ???? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ??????????? ?? ???????. ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????. ? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???????? Ergenekon, ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????????, ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????. ???? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????. ??????????, ????, ?? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????. ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???????, ????????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????, ??? ????. ??? ???? ?????? ????????, ??????, ??? ? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? Asena, ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????, ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? Canis Major (??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??? ????). ??? ??? ????, ?? Ergenekon ????????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ? Bumin Khan, ? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????, ?????? ?? ?????? ??? Gktrk. ? ??????? ??? ???????, ????????, ????????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ????. ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????, ? ????, ? ???????? ??? ?? ?????????. ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????, ????? ??? ????????. ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????. ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?? 551??, ?? ????? ?????????? Gktrk.  ??????????? ???? ?? 200 ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????, ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????, ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????.

3
?????? 3. ?? ?????? ??? Gokturk
4 5
??????? 4,5. ?? ??? ?????

?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????, ? ????????, ? ?????, ?? ?????????, ?? ????????????, ?? ??????????, ?? ???????????, ?? ?????????. ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?????, ?? ??????????, ?? 1037 ?? ????????? ??? ??????  ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????????? ??? ??????????. ?? 1055 ?????????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?? ????????? ????????????. ?? 1071 ?? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ?????????, ?????? ??? ?????? ???, ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????, ?????? ??? IV ??? ???????.

6
?????? 6. ? ????????? ??? ?????????? (1000 ??)

??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????????, ???????????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????, ?????????????? ??? ????? ????, ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????. ?? ?????????? ????????????? ?? 1097 ??? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????. ?? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????, ????, ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?? 1204 ?? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????????, ???????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????. ?????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ? ???????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ?? 13? ?????, ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ???? ????, ?? Beylik ? Anadolu Beylikleri ? Tevif-i mlk ??? ?????????. ????, ??? ???? ???????? ????, ?? ????????, ??? ??? ??????? ??? Eski?ehir ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????, ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????. ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????, ??????????????? ?? ??????? ????????, ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ????? ??? ? ???????. ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?????????. ??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ????, ?? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? 1452 ??? ?? ????????? ?????, ????? ??? ?????????????????, ? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? (Fatih Sultan Mehmet) ???? 29 ????? ??? 1453.

7
?????? 7. ? ????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???

??? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ????? ?, ? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ?????, ??? ??????????, ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????, ????? ??? ??????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???, ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ???????, ?? ????? ????, ??? ??????, ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????. ??????, ?????? ? ???????, ? ???????????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???, ??????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????????, ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????, ?? ?????????. ?? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ? ????????? ???????????? ????? ?? ????????, ??? ?? ?????? ??????, ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ????. ???? ??? ???????(??? ???? ????????) ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? (Kurtulu? Sava?? ??? ????????), ? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???? ???????, ? ??????????? ??? ??????????, Mustafa Kemal Atatrk, ????? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????, ????? ?? 1923.

8
?????? 8. Mustafa Kemal Atatrk

?????, ????, ??? ??? ???????, ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????. ??????, ??????? 30 ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????, ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????. ???? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????, ?? ???????, ?? ?????????, ?? ???????, ?? ??????????, ?? ?????????, ?? ?????????, ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????, ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????, ???? ?? Qashqai, Bashkir, Chuvash, Afshar, Karakalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Sakha/Yakut ??? ?? ??????? ??? ????????. ????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????, ???? ?? ????????, ?? ??????, ?? ????? ??? ?? ???????.  ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????, ???? ??????????, ???? ???????????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????. ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?????, ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????????, ?? ???????, ?? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????, ????????? ??? ????????????? ?????.  ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????. ????? ??? ???? ???????????? ??????????, ?????, ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????????? Behet, ?? ??? ????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????, ????????, ????? ???? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???, ????????, ??? ?? ????????? ???? ????????. ? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????. ??????????????? ???? ?? ??????, ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????????, ?? ?????? ???????????? ??? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ???????????? ???? ????. ?? ???????, ????, ????? ? ???????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????? Behet ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????, ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????, ? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????;

9
?????? 9. ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????


?????????????

? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? 370 ??????????? ?? 100000 ?????????, ??????? 30 ???????? ?? 100000 ???? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? 0.1-7,5 ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????. ????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????, ??? ? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????. ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????????:

? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???? ??????????????? ??????? (Do?u Anad?lu) ??? ?????? ???? 370 ???????? ?? ???????? 100000 ??????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ????????, ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???????, ? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? 115 ???????? ????? 100000 ?????????. ???? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? 80 ???????? ?? 100000 ?????????.

????? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ????????????. ??? ??????????, ???? ?????? ???? ?? 103 ???????? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? 1970 ??? ??? 1988 ???? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????, ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????????, ??? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????. ??? ????????, ???? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????????, ??????? ??? ????????? 20,75 ??????? ?? 100000 ????????? ????????? ?????????, ??? ? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????? ???? 0,42 ???????? ????? 100000. ?????? ????, ? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????????. ?? ??????? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????. ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ?????, ?? ?????, ????, ???? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????, ??????????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????????.

???? ????    
???????? ??? 100.000 ?????????
????
???????
???????
1993
1,18
???.???????? 1987
0,5
- Yorkshire
1977
0,64
- Scotland 1992
0,27
????????
1994
2,26
- ????????
1994
0,42
- ???????
1989
20,75
?????????? 1993
1,53
???????
1998
7,5
?????? 1988
2,5
???????
- ??????????????? 1988
370
- ??????? ???????
1998
115
- ????????? ?????
1981
80
????
1996
16,67
???????
1991
13,5
- Hokkaido
30,5
- Kyushu
0,99
???
1979
0,12

???????: ???????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???

?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ????????? ???? ????? ?????????. ? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????, ????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??????, ?????????? ??? 370 ???????? ????? 100000 ???? ??????????????? ???????, ????????? ????? 115/100000 ???? ??????? ??? ???????, ????? 80/100000 ???? ????????? ????? ??? ???????????? ????? 20,75/100000 ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????. ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? 30.50/100000 ??? ???? Hokkaido ??? ??? Kyushu ?????? ?? 0,99/100000. ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???. ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ????????????????? ??????????.


???????????? ?????????? ????????

???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????, ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????????? ???? ?????. ???? ??????? ?? 1972 ? ????????? ???? 6,3-8,5/100000, ?? 1984 ???? 8,3-10/100000 ??? ?? 1991 ???? 13,5/100000. ??? ???????? ?? 1984 ? ????????? ???? 0,65/100000, ?? 1989 ???? 1,68/100000 ??? ?? 1994 ???? 2,26/100000.

? ????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????, ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????, ????? ?? 72? ???? ??? ????, ?????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ??? 3? ???????? ??? ????. ??? ???????? ? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?? 25 ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ????????. ???? ??????? ? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? 25,6 ??????, ?? 26,5 ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?????, ?? 19,9 ?????? ????? ??? ??????, ???? ?????? ? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? 28,3 ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? 31,7 ??????.

? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????. ?????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????, ???? ?? ????????? 20 ?????? ? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????. ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ??????. ?????? ????, ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ???????. ??? ???? ??? ? ???????? ?????? 64 ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????, ?????, ??????, ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????.


????????????

? ????? ??????????? Behet ????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ????????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????????. ??? ??? ????, ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? ???????? ???????, ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ????????- ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????????- ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????. ??????, ??? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??????????????? ?????, ? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????. ??????, ???? ? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????????. ? ????? ???????????? ????? ??? ?????????????? ????????, ?? ???????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????, ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ?? ???????????? ??????? ??????. ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????? ??? ??????? ??, ?????? ??? HSV1, ??? ? ???????????? ???????, ?????, ??????, ?? ???? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????. ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????????????? ? ???? ??? ?????????? ???????????. ????????????, ??????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? HLA-B51. ??? ?????????, ?? HLA-B51 ???????? 24 ??????????? ??? ?? ?-5101 ??? ?? ?-5124 ?? ?? HLA-B5101 ?? ???????? ?? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????.

10
?????? 10. ???????? HLA B51 ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?????

??????, ? ?????? ??? ???? ??? HLA-B51 ??? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????, ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????, ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????. ?????, ????, ?? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????????. ???? ?????????????? ????????, ???????, ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????????. ???????? ,???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????????????.

??? ???? ??? ? ????????? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????, ??????? 7,5 ????????/100000 ?????????, ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????????, ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????. ?????? ????, ?? ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????.


???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????

11 12




????????????
  • Krause I, Weinberger A. Behcets disease. Current Opinion in Rheumatology. 20: 82-87, 2008.
  • The New England Journal of Medicine Volume 341:1284-1291 Behet's DiseaseT-suyoshi Sakane, M.D., Ph.D., Mitsuhiro Takeno, M.D., Ph.D., Noboru Suzuki, M.D., Ph.D., and Goro Inaba, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Behet Disease A Guide to its Clinical Understanding Text and Atlas  Sungnack Lee  Dongsik Bang  Eun-So Lee  Seonghyang Sohn
  • http://www.turks.org.uk/index.php
  • http://www.historyworld.net
  • Trke Dilbilgisi ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????, ???????????, 1995
 

2008-2013 Perceptum magazine
ISSN: 1792-2933


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